What is Verb and its Types?

What is Verb and its Types?

हेलो दोस्तों आज हम इस आर्टिकल में बात करने वाले VERB  क्या है और इसके कितने भेद है तो चलिए शुरू करते है और जानते है “What is Verb and its Types?”
Lets starts.. 

What is Verb and its Types?

Definition:- Verb वह शब्द है, जिससे किसी के कार्य-व्यापार ,अधिकार संबंधी  या अवस्था का बोध होता है।

*A verb is a word which denotes an action, possession, relation or state of being.
*A verb is a word used to tell or assert something about some person or thing.

Examples :- laugh ,eat, go, run ,play, am, is, are, can ,could,shall, will, etc.
*ACTION:–
Children play. (play-verb)
The man was walking. was walking-verb)
The clock strikes.  (strikes-verb)
I was taught.  (was taught-verb)
He will come(will come-verb)
*RELATION/POSSESSION :–
I have a car.   (Have-verb)
The cow has two eyes. (Has-verb)
  A king had three Queens. (had-verb)
 The poor man has no money. (Has-verb)
STATE OF BEING:–
sita is tall. (is-verb)
they are happy. (are-verb)
he was a poor man. (was-verb)

TYPES OF VERB:- There are two types of verbs.

1.  Main verb  ( प्रधान क्रिया)

2.  Helping Verb ( सहायक क्रिया)

  ( 1).  MAIN VERB :-  

जो क्रिया किसी  वाक्य में अकेले या सहायक क्रिया के साथ आती है, वह MAIN VERB कहलाती हैं।
* The words used alone or together with helping verbs are called main verbs.
Example:- 
am a boy.
 I love her.
 I am reading.
 He will do it.

(2). Helping Verb

:- जो क्रिया tense, voice,mood   इत्यादि के निर्माण में प्रधान क्रिया की सहायता करती है, वह Helping verb कहलाती  है।
*A  Helping Verb is one which helps the main verb to form a tense ,voice ,mood, etc. 
Example:-
am reading.
 He will go.
 My brother has come.
 You should do this.

TYPES OF MAIN VERB :- There are two types of Main verb. 

(1) TRANSITIVE VERB (सकर्मक क्रिया   
(2) INTRANSITIVE VERB ( अकर्मक क्रिया)

1.  Transitive verb

:- जिस क्रिया के बाद कर्म (object) का प्रयोग हुआ हो ,उस क्रिया Transitive verb को कहते हैं।

*The verb  used with an object is called a transitive verb.
Example:- 
Ram eats rice.
I love you.
He has helped my brother. 
I know this.
My brother has read the book.
I like these beautiful flowers.
यहां rice, you, my brother, this, the book, these beautiful flowers इत्यादि objects है। अतः इनके पहले प्रयुक्त Verbs eats, love, helped, know, read, और like ये सभी transitive verbs है।

2.  Intransitive verb

:- जिस क्रिया के बाद कर्म  (object) का प्रयोग नहीं हुआ हो,उस क्रिया को  Intransitive verb कहते हैं।

The verb used without an object is called an intransitive verb.

Example:- 

 I eat.

 I go to school

Ram walks in the field

I sleep

He gets up at 5 o’clock

He ran fast

इसमें कोइ objects नहीं है। अतः प्रयुक्त Verbs eat, go, walks, sleep, gets up और ran ये सभी Intransitive verbs है।

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