What is Adjective and its Type in English Grammar?

What is Adjective and its Type in English Grammar?

हेलो दोस्तों आअज हम इस आर्टिकल में बात करने वाले है एडजेक्टिव क्या हो और इसके कितने प्रकार होते है तो चलिए शुरू करतये है जाने की What is Adjective and its Type in English Grammar? 

Lets  STARTS…  

DEFINITION OF ADJECTIVE?

  • Adjective वह शब्द है, जो किसी Noun या  Pronoun की विशेषता बताता है।
  • यह Noun or Pronoun की विशेषता बतलाता है।
 
*An adjective qualifies  a noun a Noun or Pronoun 
 *An  adjective is a word used to add something to the meaning of a noun or  a pronoun.

Example:- 
I have red pens.
 I have a lot of  pens.
 I have  six pens.
 I have several pens.
 
red ,a lot of, six, Several ये सभी Adjectives है।
 

Types of Adjectives

:- There are different types of Adjectives.
(1)Adjective of quality
(2)Adjective of quantity
(3)Adjective of number
(4)Demonstrative adjective
(5)possessive adjective 
(6)distribute  adjective 
(7)Interrogative adjective
(8)proper adjective
(9)emphasizing adjective
(10)exclamatory adjective
 
(1)  Adjective of quality से किसी व्यक्ति या वस्तु के गुण का बोध होता है।
 
Adjective of quality show how the quality of a person or thing.
 
 Example :- 
RAM is a good boy.
 The table is long.
 It is very cold.
 She is beautiful.
The pen is red.
He was a kind man. etc
 
यहां good,long,cold, beautiful,red and kind ये सभी Adjectives of quality है।
 
(2) Adjective of quantity से मात्रा या परिणाम का बोध होता है।
 
*Adjective of quality show  how much of a thing is meant. As : some, much ,little, whole ,all, no ,any ,enough, a lot of etc
 
Example:
 He did not eat any rice.
 The whole money was distributed.
 He had some /much /little /no/ enough /a lot of rice.
(3)Adjective of number:- Adjective of number से व्यक्ति या वस्तु की संख्या क्रम का बोध होता है।
 
Adjective of number show how many persons or things are meant , or in what order a person or thing  stands.
Example:-
 He had  few /no/many/some/several /enough/ two horses.
All men must die.
 The cat has one tail and two eyes.
 He was the first/second man.
(4) Demonstrative Adjective:-  जिस Adjective का प्रयोग व्यक्तिओ या वस्तुओ को सूचित ,इंगित या निर्देशित करने के लिए किया जाता है, उसे  Demonstrative Adjective कहा जाता है।
 
*The Adjective used  to point out some person or thing is called a demonstrative adjective.
 
 This, that ,these, those, such etc are called  demonstrative adjective 
 
Example:-
This man will guide you.
 I did not like that women.
 These /those pens are mine.
 I hate such things . Etc 
 
(5) possessive adjective :- possessive adjective से अधिकार या  संबंध का भाव व्यक्त होता है।
 
*Possessive adjective show how possession or relation.
 
 My ,our, your, his, her, its ,there, etc are called possessive adjective .
 
Example:-
This is  my /your/ our/ his/ her/their school.
Its colour is black.
My mother is ill.
 
(6)Distributive Adjective:-  जब each, every,either और neither के ठीक बाद कोई Noun प्रयुक्त रहता है ,तब इन्हें Distributive Adjective  कहा जाता है।
 
*Each,every, either and neither are called distributive adjective when they are followed by a Noun.
 
Example:- 
Each  boy had a pen.
 Every man has his own duTy
 Either pen will do 
Neither a was safe
 
 Each, every ,either, neither are called as distributive adjective.
 
(7)Interrogative Adjective:-  जब what, which और whose  किसी Noun  के साथ प्रयुक्त होकर Questions  किए जाने के काम आते हैं, तब इन्हें Interrogative Adjective कहा जाता है।
 
Interrogative Adjective:- What ,which and whose are called interrogative adjectives when they are used with nouns to ask questions.
 
 Example:-
 what question did the teacher ask ?
which box is yours ?
whose book is is this
 
(8)Proper Adjective:- proper nouns से बने Adjectives  को  Proper Adjective कहते है।
 
Adjectives made from proper nouns are called proper Adjective.
 
Example:-
He is an Indian student.
 Indian farmers are honest .
American English is different from British English.
 Do you like the European culture?
 
 Indian, American, British, European etc  are called as proper adjectives.
 
(9) Emphasizing Adjective:- Own, very,same, very same इत्यादि ऐसे Adjectives  हैं  जो किसी Noun के पहले प्रयुक्त होकर उस Noun पर   बल(emphasis) देते हैं  , उसे  Emphasizing Adjective कहते है।
 
*Own,very,same,very same etc as adjectives are used to convey emphasis on the nouns that follow them .such adjectives are called emphasizing adjective.
 
         Example :- 
  I saw them with my own eyes 
This is the very book I wanted.
 This is the same book I wanted. etc 
 
(10) Exclamatory Adjective :- जब  What का प्रयोग Adjective की तरह किसी Exclamatory Sentence  में होता है ,तब इसे  Exclamatory Sentence कहा जाता है। इसका चिह्न (!) यही होता है।
“What ” is called an exclamatory adjective when it is used as an adjective in an exclamatory sentences. 
 
Example:- 
 What folly!
 what an idea!
what a piece of work is man!
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
शेयर करे ...

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